2.1.1 Introduction

A person holding a smartphone and  using a stylus to interact with the screen. A laptop computer is nearby in the background.

Until recently most web developers received few requests to develop websites and web content for people who were blind, deaf, hard of hearing or had low vision. That is changing, in part because of the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005, which aims to make Ontario accessible for people with disabilities by 2025, and in part because of the surge in popularity of web-enabled smart phones. These devices have increased the need for web content and websites that are accessible when hearing or vision is affected by a wide range of circumstances. For example, users might be in a noisy environment and cannot hear the sounds issuing from speakers or headphones or they may find the content on small portable devices too small to read.