Appendix A-1: Checklist for Accessible Exterior Paths of Travel

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Checklist for Accessible Exterior Paths of Travel

Except where noted as “Better Practice”, the checklist identifies mandatory requirements of the Accessibility Standard for the Design of Public Spaces

For each entry in the checklist, decide whether the requirement and/or best practice has been met, not met, or is not applicable.

  • Head room:
    Minimum 2,100 mm clearance has been provided
    Better Practice: Minimum 2,300 mm clearance has been provided
  • Reduced head room:
    Cane detectable guard or other barrier has been provided where clearance is below 2,100 mm
  • Width:
    Minimum 1,500 mm clear width has been provided
    Better Practice: Minimum 1,800 mm clear has been provided; If less than 1,800 mm wide, 1,800 mm x 1,800 mm passing/turning spaces have been provided maximum 30 m apart
  • Entry points:
    Minimum 850 mm clear opening has been provided at entry points including a gate, bollard(s), etc.
  • Top of curb ramp:
    Minimum 1,200 mm clear depth at the top has been provided
  • Running slope:
    Maximum 1:20 has been provided
    Exceptions: Sidewalk beside roadway can be steeper than 1:20, but not steeper than slope of adjacent roadway
    Better Practice: Running slope as level as possible has been provided
  • Cross slope: Maximum 1:20 for hard surfaces or maximum 1:10 for all other cases has been provided
  • Surface:
    Firm, stable, and slip resistant surface has been provided Better Practice: Colour and texture contrast has been used to define primary routes and assist with wayfinding
  • Surface openings:
    Have been designed to not allow passage of an object more than 20 mm in diameter Better Practice: Have been designed to not allow passage of an object more than 12 mm in diameter
  • Surface openings:
    Elongated openings have been oriented perpendicular to direction of travel
  • Change in level:
    Change of 1mm - 5 mm vertical; (no bevel required) Change of 6mm - 13 mm has been bevelled with maximum ratio of 1:2; Change of 14 mm - 74 mm has been designed with a running slope of maximum 1:8 or a curb ramp; Change of 75 mm - 200 mm has been designed with a running slope of maximum 1:10 or curb ramp; Change greater than 200 mm has been designed as a ramp Better Practice: Level changes have been minimized as much as possible
  • Street furniture:
    Better Practice: Garbage cans, newspaper boxes, bicycle racks etc. have been placed not to obstruct the path of travel; Obstructions have been placed on an adjacent amenity strip
  • Stopping Places
    Better Practice: Level stopping places have been located maximum 30 m apart along sloped walkways
  • Open areas:
    Better Practice: Direct routes have been provided with distinct colour and texture where paths cross open areas
  • Edge protection:
    Better Practice: Where walkway is adjacent to a sloped area or hazardous area (e.g., water feature) a curb, railing or other barrier has been provided
  • Width:
    Minimum 900 mm clear has been provided
    Better Practice: Clear width of 1,100 mm - 1,200 mm has been provided
  • Surface:
    Firm, stable, and slip resistant surface has been provided
  • Running slope:
    Maximum 1:15 has been provided
    Better Practice: Running slope as level as possible has been provided
  • Landings:
    Landings located at top and bottom of a ramp, at abrupt changes in direction of the ramp, and at horizontal intervals have been provided maximum 9 m apart
  • Landing size:
    Minimum 1,670 mm x 1,670 mm landing has been provided at top, bottom and abrupt changes in direction; For inline ramp landing, minimum 1,670 mm in length and at least the same width of the ramp has been provided
    Better Practice: Minimum 1,800 mm x 1,800 mm landing has been provided; Preferred 2,400 mm x 2,400 mm landing has been provided
  • Cross slope:
    Maximum 1:50 has been provided
  • Surface openings:
    Have been designed to not allow passage of an object more than 20 mm in diameter
    Better Practice: Have been designed to not allow passage of an object more than 12 mm in diameter
  • Surface openings:
    Elongated openings have been oriented perpendicular to direction of travel
  • Handrails:
    Have been provided on both sides of the ramp
  • Handrails - intermediate:
    Where ramp is wider than 2,200 mm intermediate handrail has been provided so that there is no more than 1,650 mm between handrails
  • Handrails - landings:
    Continuous handrails have been provided on both sides of stair landings. Intermediate handrails are also continuous.
  • Handrails - height:
    Handrails have been mounted between 865 mm - 965 mm
    Better Practice: Secondary lower handrail has been provided at a lower height
  • Handrails - contrast :
    Better Practice: Colour contrast with mounting surface or background environment has been provided
  • Handrail - shape:
    Either circular handrails with diameter between 30 mm - 40 mm OR non-circular handrails with perimeter between 100 mm - 155 mm and crosssectional dimension maximum of 57 mm have been provided
    Better Practice: Round handrails have been provided
  • Handrails - shape and configuration:
    Graspable handrails have been provided for the entire length
  • Handrail - extensions:
    Handrails have been extended horizontally minimum 300 mm beyond the top and bottom of the ramp
  • Handrail - termination:
    Handrails have been terminated not to obstruct pedestrian travel or create a hazard
  • Handrail - clearance:
    Minimum 50 mm clearance to the adjacent wall has been provided
    Better Practice: For rough or abrasive surface minimum 70 mm clearance has been provided
  • Handrail - load capacity:
    Handrails have been designed to withstand non-concurrent application of a concentrated load not less than 0.9kN at any point, and a uniform load not less than 0.7kN/metre applied in any direction
  • Handrail - clearance above:
    Better Practice: Minimum 450 mm clearance to any object that is located above a handrail has been provided
  • Walls or guards:
    Wall or guard minimum 1,070 mm high has been provided on both sides of the ramp measured from top of ramp surface
  • Guard:
    No element, attachment or opening located between 140 mm and 900 mm can facilitate climbing
  • Edge protection:
    Edge protection has been provided where no solid enclosure or solid guard is provided, or where it does not extend within 50 mm of the surface; Protection is a curb minimum 50 mm high OR Railings or other barrier extending to within 50 mm of the finished ramp surface
  • Slope transition:
    Better Practice: High tonal contrast band minimum 50 mm wide has been provided across a ramp width, at the top and bottom of each ramp segment; Band has been located on the sloped surface, not on the landing
  • Curved ramps:
    Better Practice: Curved ramps have been avoided
  • Snow and ice removal:
    Better Practice: Heated ramp surface has been provided
  • Tread surface:
    Slip resistant surface has been provided
  • Rise and run:
    Uniform rise and run has been provided in any one flight
  • Rise:
    125 mm - 180 mm rise has been provided between successive steps
  • Riser configuration:
    Open risers have not been used
  • Run:
    280 mm - 355 mm run has been provided between successive steps
  • Nosing projection:
    Maximum 38 mm nosing with no abrupt undersides has been provided; High tonal contrast markings extending full tread width of each step has been provided
    Better Practice: Minimum 70% difference in Light Reflectance Value (LRV) of the nosing and the adjacent tread surface has been provided
  • Handrails:
    Handrails have been provided on both sides of the stairs
  • Handrails - intermediate:
    Where stair is wider than 2,200 mm intermediate handrail has been provided so that there is no more than 1,650 mm between handrails
  • Handrails - landings:
    Continuous handrails have been provided on both sides of stair landings. Intermediate handrails are also continuous.
  • Handrails - height:
    Handrails have been mounted between 865 mm - 965 mm
    Better Practice: Secondary lower handrail has been provided at 600 mm - 750 mm
  • Handrails - contrast :
    Better Practice: Colour contrast with mounting surface has been provided
  • Handrail - shape:
    Either circular handrails with diameter between 30 mm - 40 mm OR non-circular handrails with perimeter between 100 mm - 155 mm and crosssectional dimension maximum of 57 mm have been provided
    Better Practice: Round handrails have been provided
  • Handrails - shape and configuration:
    Graspable handrails have been provided for the entire length
  • Handrail - extensions:
    Handrails have been extended horizontally minimum 300 mm beyond the top and bottom of the stair
  • Handrail - termination:
    Handrails have been terminated not to obstruct pedestrian travel or create a hazard
  • Handrail - clearance:
    Minimum 50 mm clearance to the adjacent wall has been provided
    Better Practice: For rough or abrasive surface minimum 70 mm clearance has been provided
  • Handrail - load capacity:
    Handrails have been designed to withstand non-concurrent application of a concentrated load not less than 0.9kN at any point, and a uniform load not less than 0.7kN/metre applied in any direction
  • Handrail - clearance above:
    Better Practice: Minimum 450 mm clearance to any object that is located above a handrail has been provided
  • Tactile walking surface indicators (TWSIs) - location:
    TWSIs have been provided at the top of all flights of stairs
  • TWSIs - size:
    Minimum 610 mm deep; Extending the full width of stair; Start one tread depth from leading edge of the top step
    Better Practice: Minimum 920 mm deep
  • TWSIs - profile:
    Tactile elements have been raised above the adjacent ground surface
    Better Practice: Truncated-dome type TWSIs that meets the CSA B651-12 - Accessible Design for the Built Environment have been provided
  • TWSIs - colour:
    High tonal contrast from adjacent ground surface has been provided
    Better Practice: Minimum 70% difference in Light Reflectance Value (LRV) of the TWSIs surface and the adjacent ground/floor surface has been provided
  • Guards:
    Guards have been provided on each side of stairway where elevation difference is more than 600 mm and there is no adjacent wall or other barrier
  • Guard - height:
    Minimum 920 mm high guard has been provided where required
  • Guard - landings:
    Minimum 1,070 mm high guard has been provided around landings
  • Width:
    Better Practice: 900 mm - 1,200 mm width between handrails has been provided
  • Direction of stair treads:
    Better Practice: Stair treads have been configured perpendicular to the direction of travel
  • Curved stairs:
    Better Practice: Curved stairs have been avoided
  • Protection under stairs:
    Better Practice: Where underside of stairs is adjacent to a path of travel and headroom is lower than 2,300 mm, a railing or other barrier has been provided
  • Consultation:
    The public and people with disabilities have been consulted on the location and design of rest areas. Municipalities with AACs have consulted them
  • Location:
    Better Practice: Rest areas along path of travel have been located maximum 30 m apart
  • Location:
    Better Practice: Rest areas have been provided at viewing areas, waiting areas, and other points of interest
  • Connection to path of travel:
    Better Practice: Rest areas have been directly connected to the path of travel; and do not impede pedestrian traffic on the adjacent path of travel
  • Defining rest area:
    Better Practice: Change in ground finish, texture and tone has been provided
  • Seating:
    Better Practice: Seating backrests and armrests have been provided
  • Clear area:
    Better Practice: Clear ground / floor space has been provided beside rest area seating to accommodate mobility aids or devices, service animals or strollers
  • Edge protection:
    Better Practice: Edge protection (curb, railing or other barrier) has been provided where a rest area is located next to an area which slopes down, or is adjacent to a potential hazard such as a water feature
  • Width:
    Minimum 1,200 mm clear width, exclusive of any flared sides, has been provided
  • Running slope:
    Where elevation change is less than 75 mm, maximum slope of 1:8 has been provided; Where elevation change is between 75 mm - 200 mm, maximum slope of 1:10 has been provided
    Better Practice: Maximum slope of 1:12 has been provided
  • Direction:
    Curb ramps have been aligned with the direction of travel;
    Better Practice: Curb ramp has been aligned with the curb ramp or depressed curb on the opposite side of the roadway
  • Cross slope:
    Maximum 1:50 has been provided
  • Flared side slope:
    Maximum 1:10 has been provided
  • Top of curb ramp:
    Minimum 1,200 mm clear depth at the top has been provided
    Better Practice: 1500 mm clear depth at the top has been provided
  • Tactile walking surface indicators (TWSIs) - location:
    Curb ramps which are used for pedestrian crossings have been provided with TWSIs along the entire width at the bottom of curb ramp
  • TWSIs - size:
    Minimum 610 mm deep; Start 150 mm - 200 mm back from the curb edge
  • TWSIs - profile:
    Tactile elements have been raised above the ground surface
    Better Practice: Truncated-dome TWSIs that meet the CSA B651-12 - Accessible Design for the Built Environment have been provided
  • TWSIs - contrast:
    High tonal contrast from adjacent surface has been provided
    Better Practice: Minimum 70% difference in Light Reflectance Value (LRV) of the TWSIs surface and the adjacent ground/floor surface has been provided
  • Running slope:
    Maximum 1:20 has been provided
  • Alignment:
    Depressed curbs have been aligned with the direction of travel
    Better Practice: Depressed curbs have been aligned with the curb ramp or depressed curb on the opposite side of the roadway
  • Tactile walking surface indicators (TWSIs) - location:
    Depressed curbs which are used for pedestrian crossings have been provided with TWSIs at the portion that is flush with the roadway
  • TWSIs - size:
    Minimum 610 mm deep; Extending the full portion of depressed curb; that is flush with the roadway Start 150 mm - 200 mm back from the curb edge
  • TWSIs - profile:
    Tactile elements have been raised above the adjacent ground
    Better Practice: Truncated-dome TWSIs that meet the CSA B651-12 - Accessible Design for the Built Environment have been provided
  • TWSIs - contrast:
    High tonal contrast from adjacent ground surface has been provided
    Better Practice: Minimum 70% difference in Light Reflectance Value (LRV) of the TWSIs surface and the adjacent ground/floor surface has been provided

Accessible Pedestrian Signals at Street Crossings

AODA Reference 80.28 - Exterior paths of travel, accessible pedestrian signals

Guide Reference Section 2.1.7

  • Tones:
    Control locator tone has been provided
  • Tones:
    Control locator tone distinctly different from walk indicator tone has been provided
    Better Practice: Distinctly different tones for north-south and east-west crossings have been provided
  • Location:
    Signal has been located within 1,500 mm of the edge of the curb
  • Distance between controls:
    Minimum 3,000 mm has been provided between pedestrian signal controls when on the same corner
  • Exception:
    Where 3,000 mm could not be met, both signal assemblies have been installed on a single post with a clear verbal announcement stating which crossing is active
  • Height:
    Activation button of pedestrian signal control has been mounted maximum 1,100 mm above ground
  • Tactile arrows:
    Tactile arrow symbol aligned with the direction of crossing has been provided on the pedestrian signal control
  • Activation features:
    Both manual and automatic activation of pedestrian signal control system has been provided
  • Walk indicators:
    Audible and vibro-tactile walk indicators have been provided
  • Countdown signals:
    Better Practice: Countdown signal on visual crossing indicators has been provided
  • Refuge islands:
    Better Practice: Where pedestrian crossing routes are lengthy, refuge areas (islands) have been provided
  • Refuge islands:
    Better Practice: TWSIs have been provided within the refuge islands
  • Tactile mapping:
    Better Practice: Tactile diagram showing the lane configuration of the roadway to be crossed has been provided on the pedestrian signal control

 

Illustrated Technical Guide to the Design of Public Spaces