2.6.7 Design Study — Off-Street Parking

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The study highlights how the Accessibility Standard for the Design of Public Spaces (the Standard) applies to the design of accessible off-street parking within a large urban development.


The year is 2015. A site is being developed by ABC Properties for the construction of a multiplex cinema complex and three restaurants. ABC Properties is the owner of the land and will be developing the facilities on a design-build basis, having secured a 20-year lease arrangement with a national cinema chain and three restaurants.

The Standard Classification Considerations:

As ABC Properties is the organization responsible for the development of the site, it is also responsible for ensuring that the project is designed and constructed in compliance with the Standard.

As ABC Properties is a development company with a staff of over 100 people, it is classified by the Regulation as a large private sector organization. Refer to Section 1.2 for further information on how the Regulation classifies organizations.

A leasing contract was signed by the parties in late 2015, with the construction planned to be substantially complete in mid 2017. As the project is being developed by a large private sector organization, and the substantial completion date of the project is after the January 1, 2017 deadline specified in the Regulation, ABC Properties must ensure that the project complies with the Accessible Off-Street Parking section, as well as all applicable Standard requirements. Refer to Section 1.6 for further information on compliance deadlines for different types of organizations.

Design Strategy:

Figure illustrates the proposed site development.

The project incorporates numerous parking lots. More specifically:

As each restaurant has its own dedicated parking lot, the number of accessible parking spaces is calculated based on the total parking count within each lot. Refer to Section and Table 2.6.2 for basis of accessible parking space calculations.

The Cinema complex incorporates six parking lots but accessible parking is provided at two locations only — within Lot F and Lot I. Accessible parking has been located at these locations to be close to the entrances into the cinema (further details below).

One of the cinema parking lots is dedicated for staff-use only. As this parking lot is not a public facility, it does not fall under the jurisdiction of the Accessibility Standard for the Design of Public Spaces.

The five public parking lots used by cinema patrons have a total parking count of 793, which if configured as a single parking lot, would require 18 accessible parking spaces (9 Type A spaces and 9 Type B spaces). However, the Standard requires that the number and type of accessible parking spaces is to be calculated separately for each off-street parking facility. Consequently, the required number of accessible parking spaces is 28 (14 Type A spaces and 14 Type B spaces) — refer to Table

The Standard also requires accessible parking to be distributed among the off-street parking facilities to provide equivalent or greater accessibility in terms of distance to an accessible entrance or user convenience. As such, the developer has chosen to locate 20 accessible parking spaces (10 Type A spaces and 10 Type B spaces) in Lot F and 8 accessible parking spaces (4 Type A spaces and 4 Type B spaces) in Lot I, which are the locations that are close to the main entrance into the building. Accessible parking in these locations maximizes convenience, as well as provides enhanced levels of lighting and security.

In addition to the Standard requirements, the developer must also review the municipality’s parking requirements. Where the accessibility requirements within the municipality’s by-laws or Municipal Accessibility Design Standard differs from those in the Standard, the requirements that provide the greatest level of accessibility must be used.

Table - Compliance Schedule for the Design of Public Spaces Standard
Building Associated Parking Lot(s) Type of Lot Total Number of Parking Spaces in the Lot Total Required Number of Accessible Parking Spaces (see note 1) Number of Type A Space
Number of Type B Space
Restaurant 1 Lot A Public 177 7 (see note 2) 3 4 (see note 2)
Restaurant 2 Lot B Public 155 6 3 3
Restaurant 3 Lot C Public 114 5 (see note 2) 2 3 (see note 2)
Cinema Lot D Public 167 7 (see note 2) 3 4 (see note 2)
Lot E Staff 48 N/A N/A N/A
Lot F Public 268 8 4 4
Lot G Public 210 7 (see note 2) 3 4 (see note 2)
Lot H Public 100 4 2 2
Lot I Public 48 2 1 1

Note 1: When multiple parking lots are provided for a facility, the accessible parking spaces may be distributed amongst the lots in locations that provide greater accessibility or user convenience.

Note 2: When there is an uneven number of required accessible parking spaces, the additional space may be Type A or Type B.


Illustrated Technical Guide to the Design of Public Spaces