2.6 Accessible Parking

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Regulation Reference:
80.32 to 80.39 - Accessible Parking

Ontario’s aging population is increasing the need for accessible parking. The availability of sufficient, appropriately-configured accessible parking spaces will make it easier for everyone to continue to work, shop, travel, play and explore Ontario.

The Accessibility Standard for the Design of Public Spaces has requirements for both offstreet parking and on-street parking.

Off-street parking includes open and covered lots intended for public use, such as a small parking lot for a doctor’s office or an underground parking garage at a shopping centre. The Standard specifies minimum requirements for the number and type of accessible spaces, as well as detailed dimensional and configuration criteria. It may be advantageous to exceed the minimum standards to meet the specific needs of a project.

On-street parking consists of parking located on a public highway, street, avenue, parkway, bridge, or similar type of road.

Accessible parking spaces should be located as close as possible to the accessible entry points of the facility they serve. Ideally, the entry points will be clearly visible from the accessible parking spaces with a direct route to each accessible entry point. Pedestrians should not have to cross behind parked cars or move along vehicle roadways. If the route to an entry point crosses a vehicular roadway, the pedestrian crossing should be clearly marked so it is visible to drivers and pedestrians and, where curbs are used, have appropriate curb ramps or depressed curbs.

When designing within a municipality, be sure to check if there are municipal accessibility guidelines, which may include accessible parking requirements. Municipal guidelines or bylaws often have accessibility requirements that go beyond those of the Standard. The AODA states that if two laws conflict with one another, the law that provides the higher level of accessibility is the law that must be followed.

Application - Off-Street Parking

The requirements of this Section apply to newly-constructed or redeveloped off-street parking facilities intended for public use and that an organization intends to maintain. These requirements also apply to the public portions of private parking lots.

Note that the requirements do not apply to off-street facilities that are not located on a barrier-free path of travel, as defined and regulated under Ontario’s Building Code. Refer also to Section 2.6.5 for further information on exceptions.

 

Illustrated Technical Guide to the Design of Public Spaces